I'm not aware of any out-of-the-box method of applying a property to a part to determine which Layer it will be in a drawing, but there is another solution that might work for you. In the drawing, right-click on a Part, either in the tree or a drawing view, and choose "Component Line Font" from the drop-down. That will bring up the box shown below. Un-check "Use document defaults" near the top left corner, then you will be able to select a Layer from the drop-down near the bottom right. "All views" will be selected at bottom by default. In your situation it sounds like that's what you want, since that will apply the changes to all instances of this part in the drawing. If you choose "From selection" instead then the change will only apply to the selected model. I use this often to show a Part's position with dotted lines instead of solid.
Very Cool! Never noticed the layer manipulation ability with this tool. That's going to save me a bunch....
I see someone else was asking the same question. Thanks for that. Did not seem to be widespread agreement.
Its pretty tough to get the rest of the team to jump from 2D to solidworks when the output you export to them is substandard.
We typically put groups of functionality on layers so they can be isolated in the 2D packages. Trying to replicate this.
Looking some more, the best I can come up with is to:
enable the option "use model color for HLR/HLV in drawings"
cancel the mappings for geometry and hidden lines in the Solidworks to dxf/dwg mapping tool
macro in the 2d software to move the various colored entities to layers at that end.
Maybe that will help someone else.