All of that will be controlled under document properties->Dimensions.
To get your drafting standard to stick, you'll need to set up a blank drawing as you want it then save it as a template. You'll also need to save it as a sheet format (File->Save Sheet Format).
Take a look at the help file for more information on templates and sheet formats and how they work together.
Under tool/options/document properties, you'll find drafting standards. Start by setting it to ANSI/ASME and you'll get most of what you want. From there it's self-explanatory--there are lots of options. Yes, you can save your drafting standard to a file, and also alter your templates to have your preferred drafting standard. Here is my drafting standard, it is awesome.