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Water vapor under blackbody radiation?

Question asked by Jerry Pham on Jul 5, 2013
Latest reply on Jul 8, 2013 by Jared Conway




Is there a way to model water vapor's absorption of a continuous spectrum?



Water vapor has various vibrational and rotational modes which together contribute to the myriad number of spectroscopy lines as shown in the Hitran spectrum:




If the incident (on the vapor) light is monochromic, it is would be easy to use Beer's law to calculate the absorbance/transmittance. However if radiation is coming from a black-body like object whose spectrum is continuous, like sun or incandescent lamp, then how should the calculation be done?



Can we simply do an integration using the Hitran graph data (txt data obtainable) with the radiation spectrum? I doubt the validity of this approach since if the incident radiation is not monochromatic, it is unknown which spectrum will dominate, hence if we do a simple integration(summation) we would ignore the weighing factor (dominant ones, less-important ones, etc.).



Given the number of water vapor absorbance lines and the continuous nature of the blackbody nature, this appears to be a hard problem and might require some intense computation. Has this problem been studied before? And is there any analytic formula to model it? Does Solidworks Flow Simulation support it?