1 Reply Latest reply on Jul 1, 2013 11:26 PM by Jared Conway

    Non-linear vs Linear decision

    Chris Fernald

      I was wondering if there is any information out there about exactly when a linear FEA should be run non-linear.  I realize that there isn't a defininative line that separates the two, but are there any recommendations as to when the linear assumptions fall apart? It seems that the large deflection setting detects geometric non-linearity, so I assume that's one sign the problem is no longer linear - but this does not account for a non-linear material.  For example, if the modulus E changes slope by ??%, the linear assumption is no longer reliable, and Solidworks recommends the non-linear package.  It seems like a guideline like this would be helpful to companies trying to understand if they need to upgrade to SW Simulation premium.

        • Re: Non-linear vs Linear decision
          Jared Conway

          the world is time dependent/transient and nonlinear


          if we stay in the static world (time is not important) then your choice of nonlinear vs linear is dependent on your knowledge of the problem


          if the displacements are small and the material is linear, then you can run a linear analysis


          if you can't safely make either of those assumptions, you need nonlinear


          the reason there really is no guideline for this is because everyone's problems are different and because everyone wants a different level of accuracy.


          when it comes down to it, every problem should really be run as a nonlinear dynamic problem, but that isn't practical for everyone. that is why we can add assumptions to the problem and use other types of analysis.


          in all honesty, if you're getting down to % from straight on the E curve or amount of deflection, you should also realize that the assumptions inherent in your boundary conditions and materials...etc probably account for more error than linear vs nonlinear.


          follow the standard guidelines and you should be good

          if in question, go to nonlinear, computation time is cheap! and the software isn't too costly. especially considering your problem will run in linear.


          if you're  concerned, get a couple of standard problems and ask your VAR to do a benchmark. on your end, run some variance tests where you make the appropriate adjustments and run in linear and compare to nonlinear.