1 Reply Latest reply on Feb 27, 2010 7:21 PM by Anthony Botting

    Need Help Defining Materials!

    Otto Deruntz

      I have a couple issues with the default material properties:

      1) I build a lot of plastic parts however you cannot run a simulation without the 'Yield Strength'. Yield Strength is almost never given in the property charts for plastics. Is there a secret to finding the correct value?

      2) (I'm sure due to my ignorance) I have no trouble finding property charts for materials, but again they never seem to give all the same information asked for in the SW materials library, i.e. Elastic Modulus in X, Shear Modulus in XY, Poisson's Ration in XY, Tensile Strength in X, Compressive Strength in X.......I don't understand how to convert or read the 'in X, or in XY'...Is there a resource I can use to get the properties of different materials I may want to use into the format SW Simulation needs?Can you help me figure out how to make the conversions myself?Please don't send me back to school unless there is a simple class or guide I can follow to input any material I need. Thanks!

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

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        • Re: Need Help Defining Materials!
          Anthony Botting

          Hi Otto: For 1) You're right, but there is no secret. As you said, it is because the "failure point" for plastics is almost never given as a yield stress. I have read some plastics manufacturers use a value such as "strain-to-failure": how far it stretches before they consider it failed;  or "fracture modulus": how much strain energy it can take before they consider it failed; or, how far it deflects could be a failure criterion. I'm sure there are other measures, and they depend on each manufacturer's interpretation of just what THEY consider failed. The important thing is not to "stress" about it (no pun intended). The Yield strength in SW Simulation is only used to calculate an FOS. That said, just put in a number - it won't show up anywhere unless you run a FOS calculation. Refer to the manufacturer's information about what measure they use to consider "failure".

          For 2). If you can stick with the linear, elastic assumption (not a bad assumption for ball-park determination of performance), and an isotropic formulation (assuming the plastic does not have directional properties), you can get away with using the isotropic constitutive relations. I hear it is a lucrative profession to conduct testing on various manufacturer's materials and sell them the test information so they can actually publish the values for strength-x, shear strength xy, compressive strength x and y, etc. It is expensive, and because of that, many manufacturer's just don't do it. Just stick with the material values for elasticity (don't worry about the strength numbers since you don't have them and probably won't be able to get them without testing yourself). That is EX=EY=EZ, GXY=GYZ=GXZ = E/(2(1+Poisson's ratio)), for isotropic materials with the linear elastic assumption. It might be worth a call to the scientists at the plastics manufacturer and ask them point blank if they have a failure modulus or 'strain-to-failure' value you can use to predict strength. You can directly plot the strain energy in SW Simulation, as well as the strain energy density, and of course the strain. Hope that helps. Tony