It seems like you should be able to, but it doesn't seem to work for me in 2007 or 2009. I just ran a test on a part in SW07 and SW09. I modified the color of a feature in three configurations and then inserted a design table, with the Auto-create set. In 2007 the design table came up with a column for color, but there was only one value in one configuration. Changing that value didn't change the color of anything. In 2009, it added the same color value to all three configurations, but changing the color value changed the color of the body, leaving the color of the feature unchanged. It looks like I don't understand how it is supposed to work, or it is broken.
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