how do I create limits so at the pivot point, the stud attached to the ball doesn't overextend into the shroud?
Try using a limit angle mate between the axes of the base and the rod, 0 to 75 degrees or whatever the maximum angle works out to be.
Limit Angle Mate
Just for fun, check out the joystick in the Motion Limiters section of Mike J Wilson's 16 year old site: Of This World
Actually, if you've never seen it, you should download and examine every single thing posted there. It's eye-opening.
thanks a lot Josh, this looks very interesting!!
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